Water conditioning refers to the processes by which contaminants are removed from water. Such contaminants include debris, chemicals, mineral sediments, and bacteria. Here are some water conditioning methods that are currently trending:

Water Softening

These methods use sodium or potassium chloride to purify water, through a technology known as ion exchange. Here, minerals responsible for hard water, such as calcium and magnesium, are removed from the water and replaced with sodium or potassium. This is achieved by installing a tank in the water system. This tank has beads that emit a negative charge. The positive charge in calcium and magnesium cause them to be attracted by the negative charge from the beads. As a result, they move from the water and attach themselves to the beads. In exchange, the sodium or potassium is released into the water.

Non-Chemical Treatment

The world is moving toward environment-friendly alternatives, and water conditioning is no exception. The trend is toward non-chemical water treatment methods; such methods include distillation, membrane filtration, and UV disinfection.

Distillation

This is an age-old way of purifying water. Water is boiled till it releases steam; this steam is passed through a container where it is condensed and becomes water once again. Distillation purifies water, and at the same time removes calcium and magnesium from the water, making it softer. Distillation is only useful when you require small amounts of water.

Membrane Filtration

This is a technology that filters water by passing it through a membrane, either at high or low pressure. The most commonly used membrane filtration technology is reverse osmosis.

Reverse Osmosis

This involves the filtration of water under high pressure, through a semi-permeable membrane called an osmotic membrane. This method removes contaminants; in the process, magnesium and calcium are also removed from the water. As an added benefit, reverse osmosis also removes strange odors and colors produced by certain minerals. This method is very effective at removing contaminants from the water; however, it is less effective at softening hard water. The other disadvantage of this method is that it uses electricity, and also wastes a lot of water.

UV Disinfection

This is a method where water is purified using UV lamps. This method is meant to destroy chlorine-resistant protozoa by exposing them to UV light. UV disinfection has yet to pick up on a large scale in the United States.

The search for the perfect water treatment solution is still on. Each of the methods currently trending has some shortcomings. The choice you make will depend on your needs as a domestic user, or as an entrepreneur.

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