When your home's concrete steps have become cracked, broken, or the surface has begun to crumble, it is usually more inexpensive to repair the steps rather than replace them. With the right tools, materials, and a little time you can repair your damaged steps and make them new-looking again. Here are some instructions to help you accomplish this repair.

Clean the Concrete Steps

When the corners and edges of your concrete steps have been broken, first, remove any loose pieces of concrete and dust. Cleaning the area prepares it for a new layer of concrete to adhere properly and prevent the new repair from falling off.

Use a chisel or putty knife and a hammer to dislodge and pry off any loose sections of concrete. Brush the broken edges of the concrete with a wire brush to remove small bits. Then, rinse the area well with water to remove any small dirt and sediment.

Repair Damaged Corners and Edges

To repair any vertical damage, such as up the side of a step or filling in a new corner on your steps, you will need to make a form to hold the concrete in place while it sets. Use some lengths of lumber as forms to place against the front and sides of each step you will be repairing. Align the tops of each of the forms even with the top of the steps. Attach the form onto the steps with tape or use cement blocks to hold it against the steps. Use nails or screws to hold the corners of the forms together.

Moisten the damaged section with a spray bottle until the surface is just damp. Apply a coating of concrete bonding adhesive to the damaged section. Next, mix up your concrete mix by adding water in small amounts until the concrete is the consistency of peanut butter. Press the concrete into the forms to fill the damage in the steps.

Use a trowel to smooth the top of the steps and make it uniform with the surrounding step surface and the tops of the forms. Allow the concrete to set according to the product's instructions, then remove the wooden forms.

Repair Surface Damage

To repair any surface damage of cracking and flaking concrete, first, use a wire brush to dislodge any loose concrete pieces. Next, rinse the area with your garden hose.

Mix up some ready-mix concrete patch mix, adding water a little at a time until it is the consistency of pancake batter. Because this concrete patch mix will fill in surface damage, a runny consistency will help you create a smooth and level surface. Apply a bonding agent onto the the concrete damage, then pour and smooth the patch mix onto the damage. 

Allow the patch mix to cure and set according to the package's directions to patch and finish your concrete step's surface.

To learn more the process, contact companies like Unit Step Company.