You should brush up your wiring skills before engaging in DIY electrical service. Otherwise, you can make costly mistakes and end up using more resources to fix them. The following are some of the wiring mistakes DIY electricians tend to make:
Using the Wrong Wire Gauge
As a rule, the smaller the wire gauge, the larger the ampacity (the measure of current a wire can handle without overheating) it can handle. However, you need to be precise when choosing an electrical wire. For example, you need an 18-gauge wire to handle 10 amperes and an eight-gauge wire to handle 60 amperes. So using an 18-gauge wire to connect a 60 amperes cook top will lead to overheating and its associated dangers, such as electrical fire. There are online resources for calculating wire sizes; use them for your research before starting your wiring.
Using the Wrong Type of Wire
Electrical wires come in different types. For example, there are outdoor wires, indoor wires, underground wires, and others. You risk injuring yourself or damaging your electrical installations if you use the wrong type of wire. For example, indoor wires are more susceptible to moisture damage than outdoor wires. Therefore, using indoor wires for your outdoor electrical wiring is dangerous since it may be affected by rainfall.
Cutting Wires Too Short
Making a tight electrical connection is integral to your houses electrical safety. A loose connection can lead to arcing and overheating, both of which can cause fires. The first step for making a tight connection is to cut wires in sizable lengths, lengths that you can loop and twist for strong connections. Since it's easy to underestimate how much length you need to make a connection, make a conscious effort to overestimate the length you need. Trim the ends of the wires after making the connections.
Many DIY electricians also install electrical circuits or wiring without including grounding wires. All metal boxes, fixtures, and circuits must be connected to the grounding to channel away excess electrical current in case of a fault. Wiring sans grounding, therefore, endangers not only your health but also your electrical installation, which may fry if the excess current isn't channeled away.
As you can see, something as "simple" as wiring can lead to serious problems if handled incorrectly. This underscores the need for attempting only DIY projects that you are sure you can handle. Anything else you should leave to professional electrical contractors like B & N Electric Company Inc.Share